Here are ten health care strategies that will help prevention of cancer:
(1) Stop smoking
Cigarette smoking causes lung cancer and also cancers of the esophagus, larynx, mouth, throat, kidney, bladder, pancreas, stomach and cervix. Other tobacco products (smokeless/chewing tobacco, cigars, pipes) also increase cancer risk. If you smoke or use other tobacco products, just quit.
(2) Lose weight if obese
Obese people are at a greater risk of developing colorectal cancer, as well as esophageal adenocarcinoma, gallbladder and liver cancer, leukemia, multiple myeloma and non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma. In addition, obese postmenopausal women are at increased risk for breast and uterine cancer.Obesity is also linked to chronic inflammation in the body, which can contribute to cancer development. So try everything to lose weight
(3) Be active always
Physical activity plays an important role in cancer prevention. Exercise may also reduce cancer risk by lowering hormones and cellular growth factors, improving insulin resistance and, when done in moderation, enhancing the immune system.
Exercise has also been found to improve the prognosis and/or well-being of people already diagnosed with cancer. People who exercise tend to do other healthy things. The combination of exercise and healthy lifestyle decreases cancer risk.
(4) Eat healthy
Though not much is known about what constitutes an anti-cancer diet, the basics are very simple. Make vegetables and fruits the centerpieces of your plate at every meal. Limit your intake of red meat and pork, especially processed meats. Choose whole grains over refined-grain products. Avoid salty and salt-preserved foods. In simple terms, you should be eating a high-fibre diet that is as close to vegetarian as possible.
(5) Limit liquor intake
Unbridled alcohol consumption may increase the risk of various cancers, and the more you drink, the greater the risk. The evidence is strongest for cancers of the esophagus, mouth, throat and larynx. You are at even greater risk if you drink and smoke. Research also suggests that alcohol increases the risk of liver, colorectal and breast cancer. If you do drink, drink in moderation. For women, that means no more than one drink a day; for men it’s one or two drinks. And if you’re over 65, you should drink even less than that.
(6) Beware of Medical imaging tests
Experts have become increasingly concerned about the overuse of many types of medical imaging, especially from CT scans largely because of the cumulative exposure to radiation. The risk from a single CT scan, when appropriately done, is minuscule, but radiation exposures add up over a lifetime.
Make sure that imaging tests are done only when there is a clear benefit that outweighs the risks – and that the minimal level of radiation will be used.
(7) Check your water for arsenic
Arsenic is a tasteless, odorless chemical element found naturally in rocks, soil, water and air. When arsenic is combined with oxygen, iron, chlorine and sulfur it creates an inorganic compound that can be found in certain building materials and contaminated water. Exposure to high levels of this type of inorganic arsenic has been linked to cancers of the bladder, colon, kidney, liver, lung and skin.
If your water comes from a public drinking water system, you probably don’t need to worry about arsenic.
(8) Limit high-heat cooking
Cooking high-protein foods such as meat, fish and poultry at high temperatures over coals or flames creates chemicals called heterocyclic amines (HCAs) and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), which are believed to promote cancer risk.
The same is true of pan-frying such foods on the stove, or any high-heat cooking method. Studies have shown that very high levels of HCAs and PAHs can cause many different types of cancer in rodents.
(9) Exposure to carcinogens at Workplace
Occupational exposures to carcinogens are responsible for a sizeable number of cancer cases. Workers in chemical plants, gasoline-related industries and the printing business may be exposed to benzene, a chemical that has been linked to leukemia and Hodgkin’s lymphoma. Workers in hair and nail salons may be exposed to formaldehyde.
If you think your job may expose you to known or potential carcinogens, you should check the government regulations for your workplace to be sure your employer is following them.
(10) Limit your exposure to air pollution
Outdoor air pollutants is a leading cause of cancer. Air-quality index reports daily will help you keep track of the air quality in your city.
The air you breathe at home is often more heavily polluted than the air outside. Plywood, particleboard and other manufactured wood products can release formaldehyde.