Fat transfer (also known as fat grafting, fat autographs, autologous fat transplantation, fat injecting or microlipo injections) is a medical procedure that uses the patient`s own fat tissue to increase the volume of fat in the subcutaneous area of the body. Autologous adipose tissue transplantation has been used for breast augmentation for cosmetic reasons and after breast cancer surgery. It is a minimally invasive procedure an alternative to breast augmentation using breast implants.
An overview of current techniques
In the 1980s, when the liposuction procedure became more widely available, fat also became much more easily withdrawn from the body. In 1984, Mel Bircoll M.D. introduced micro injection of fat graphs, using liposuction techniques.This development allowed more plastic, dermatological and cosmetic surgeons to offer their patients fat transfer for cosmetic reasons.
Some contend that an advantage of fat transfer is that it is the patient’s own tissue and, hence, not subject to rejection by the body. Another advantage pointed to is that most other dermal fillers are absorbed by the body within three to nine months, making regular injections a continuing expense.
Essentially, the fat transfer procedure harvests fat from one part of the body where an excess exists and then places it in another part of the body where the additional bulk is used for cosmetic and aesthetic purposes. Fat transfer is being used in cosmetic plastic surgery to:
- Smooth and repair aged hands
- Fill wrinkled, creased faces
- Create more shapely, curvaceous buttocks
- Enlarge breasts