Cosmetic Surgery-Medical Aesthetics

Aesthetic plastic surgery is also referred to as Medical aesthetics which involves techniques intended for the “enhancement” of appearance through surgical and medical techniques, and is specifically concerned with maintaining normal appearance, restoring it, or enhancing it beyond the average level to improve aesthetic appeal.

The five most common surgeries being breast augmentation, liposuction, nasal surgery, eyelid surgery and abdominoplasty. There are thirty-four different cosmetic procedures of which nineteen of the procedures are surgical, such as rhinoplasty or facelift. The nonsurgical procedures include Botox and laser hair removal.

The most prevalent aesthetic/cosmetic surgeries/procedures include:

  1. Abdominoplasty (“tummy tuck”): reshaping and firming of the abdomen
  2. Blepharoplasty (“eyelid surgery”): reshaping of the eyelids or the application of permanent eyeliner, including Asian blepharoplasty
  3. Phalloplasty (“penile liposuction”) : construction (or reconstruction) of a penis or, sometimes, artificial modification of the penis by surgery, often for cosmetic purposes
  4. Mammoplasty:(a)Breast augmentations (“breast implant”): augmentation of the breasts by means of fat grafting, saline, or silicone gel prosthetics, which was initially performed to women with micromastia

    (b)Reduction mammoplasty (“breast reduction”): removal of skin and glandular tissue, which is done to reduce back and shoulder pain in women with gigantomastia and/or for psychological benefit men with gynecomastia

    (c)Mastopexy (“breast lift”): Lifting or reshaping of breasts to make them less saggy, often after weight loss (after a pregnancy, for example). It involves removal of breast skin as opposed to glandular tissue

  5. Buttock augmentation (“butt implant”): enhancement of the buttocks using silicone implants or fat grafting (“Brazilian butt lift”) and transfer from other areas of the body
    (a)Buttock lift: lifting, and tightening of the buttocks by excision of redundant skin
  6. Chemical peel: minimizing the appearance of acne, chicken pox, and other scars as well as wrinkles (depending on concentration and type of agent used, except for deep furrows), solar lentigines (age spots, freckles), and photodamage in general. Chemical peels commonly involve carbolic acid (Phenol),trichloroacetic acid (TCA), glycolic acid (AHA), or salicylic acid (BHA) as the active agent.
  7. Labiaplasty: surgical reduction and reshaping of the labia
  8. Lip enhancement: surgical improvement of lips’ fullness through enlargement
  9. Rhinoplasty (“nose job”): reshaping of the nose
  10. Otoplasty (“ear surgery”/”ear pinning”): reshaping of the ear, most often done by pinning the protruding ear closer to the head.
  11. Rhytidectomy (“face lift”):removal of wrinkles and signs of aging from the faceBrowplasty (“brow lift” or “forehead lift”): elevates eyebrows, smooths forehead skin

    Midface lift (“cheek lift”): tightening of the cheeks

  12. Chin augmentation (“chin implant”): augmentation of the chin with an implant, usually silicone, by sliding genioplasty of the jawbone or by suture of the soft tissue
  13. Cheek augmentation (“cheek implant”): implants to the cheek
  14. Orthognathic Surgery: manipulation of the facial bones through controlled fracturing
  15. Fillers injections: collagen, fat, and other tissue filler injections, such as hyaluronic acid
  16. Laser skin resurfacing
  17. Liposuction (“suction lipectomy”): removal of fat deposits by traditional suction technique or ultrasonic energy to aid fat removal

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