Depression: Causes

Depression is normally described as feeling sad, blue, unhappy, miserable, or down in the dumps.
Depression is clinically defined as a mood disorder in which feelings of sadness, loss, anger, or frustration interfere with everyday life for an extended period of time.

Causes

Depression often runs in families owing to the inherited genes , learned behavior, or both. A stressful or unhappy life event usually triggers the onset of a depressive episode.

Depression is usually brought on by:

  • Alcohol or drug abuse
  • Childhood events like abuse or neglect
  • Chronic stress
  • Death of a friend or relative
  • Disappointment at home, work, or school
  • Drugs such as sedatives and high blood pressure medications
  • Medical conditions such as hypothyroidism (underactive thyroid), cancer, or hepatitis
  • Nutritional deficiencies (such as a lack of folate and omega-3 fatty acids)
  • Overly negative thoughts about one’s self and life, self blame, and ineffective social problem solving skills
  • Prolonged pain or having a major illness
  • Sleeping problems
  • Social isolation
  • criticism by peers

RISK FACTORS:
GENETIC FACTOR: If a family history has a mood disorders ,the members in that family are at higher risk of depression.
GENDER: Women are at higher risk than men.
LACK OF SOCIAL SUPPORT: Prolonged social isolation ,can increase the chances of depression.
SLEEP DISORDERS: chronic sleep disorders such as insomnia, are associated with depression.
SERIOUS ILLNESS
MAJOR LIFE CONDITIONS: certain events ….
MEDICATIONS: INCLUDE sedatives,steroids, sleeping pills, prescription of pain killers etc.
COMPLICATIONS:
depression is the serious illness ,untreated depression results in emotional ,behavioural and health problems that effects an individual life.
Complications include:

  • anxiety
  • Family conflicts
  • Suicide
  • Premature death from other medications
  • Social isolation
  • Relationship diffulties

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