Diagnosis of Breast Cancer

With the increased prevalence of breast cancer, there has also been an increase in the diagnostic tools to identify the disease.
The diagnostic tools available at present are:

Mammogram: The first diagnostic tool to identify breast cancer is Mammogram. It is an X-ray of the breast that can show the presence of abnormal growth lumps in the breast area.

Ultra-Sonography: Use of high frequency sound waves often identifies whether the lump is filled with liquid or solid for further investigation.

Aspiration: Fine needle is inserted in the lump to take the tissue or liquid out from the lump and then a biopsy is performed to test for carcinoma.

Surgical Biopsy: Removes a small part of lump by surgery and then the lump is tested for further diagnosis.

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