With the increased prevalence of breast cancer, there has also been an increase in the diagnostic tools to identify the disease.
The diagnostic tools available at present are:
Mammogram: The first diagnostic tool to identify breast cancer is Mammogram. It is an X-ray of the breast that can show the presence of abnormal growth lumps in the breast area.
Ultra-Sonography: Use of high frequency sound waves often identifies whether the lump is filled with liquid or solid for further investigation.
Aspiration: Fine needle is inserted in the lump to take the tissue or liquid out from the lump and then a biopsy is performed to test for carcinoma.
Surgical Biopsy: Removes a small part of lump by surgery and then the lump is tested for further diagnosis.