Eye Disease : Myopia : Treatments
Nearsightedness is when the eyes focus incorrectly, making distant objects appear blurred.
You can compensate for nearsightedness by wearing eyeglasses or contact lenses, which shift the focus point to the retina. There are several surgical procedures that reshape the cornea, shifting the focus point from in front of the retina to the retina.
Radial keratotomy is a surgical procedure that was popular in the recent past. Now it has been almost completely replaced by LASIK, in which an excimer laser is used to reshape the cornea.
- Complications can occur in people who use contact lenses (corneal ulcers and infections)
- Complications of laser vision correction are uncommon, but can be serious
- People with myopia can, in rare cases, develop retinal detachments or retinal degeneration
There is no way to prevent nearsightedness. Reading and watching television do not cause nearsightedness. In the past, dilating eye drops were proposed as a treatment to slow the development of nearsightedness in children, but they have never been proved effective.
The use of glasses or contact lenses does not affect the normal progression of myopia — they simply focus the light so the nearsighted person can see distant objects clearly.