First Aid :Bruises

Bruises are injuries to the soft tissue and caused through Sports Injuries,Accidents, Falls and Blows from objects/people. They cause discolouration of the skin.

Bruises are Subcutaneous-underneath the skin or Intramuscular – within the underlying muscles or Periosteal-bruise related to bone.

The following events are connected to bruises:

  • Small veins and capillaries under the skin breaks
  • Blood escapes and collects under skin
  • In the beginning bruises look purplish or red
  • In 2 days it may change to black or blue color
  • It changes to a green/yellow color in 5 days
  • Changes to a brown shade in 10-14 days
  • It further lightens and fades away
  • The changing colors indicates red cell metabolism

First Aid Treatment

  • Most bruises vanish in 2 weeks time
  • No bandage required if skin is not broken
  • Keep bruised area raised
  • Apply cold compress, ½ hr to one hr at a time
  • Continue this for two days
  • Do not apply ice directly on skin
  • Can take pain killing medications, like acetaminophen
  • Avoid draining the bruise using needle
  • Avoid using the bruised part
  • For more serious injury consult a doctor
  • Consult also in case of spontaneous injury/infection
  • Protein-bioflavinoids-Vit C rich food helps healing

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