High Blood Pressure : Tests
Adult should have their blood pressure checked atleast once or twice a year.the persons with high blood pressure ,hear attack should have more frequent checkups.blood pressure is measured with the help of an instrument which is know as spygnomanometer.its readings are given in millimeters of mercury(mm Hg).
The first or upper number is the measure of systolic pressure i.e; pressure in arteries when the heart beats.the second or lower number is the measure of diastolic pressure .
Blood pressure measurements :
Normal blood pressure: it is 120/80.few doctors recommend as 115/75 as a better blood pressure. Once blood pressure rises above 115/75 mm Hg, the risk of cardiovascular disease begins to increase.
Pre hypertension: It is a systolic pressure ranging from 120-139 mm Hg or the diastolic pressure ranging from 80-89 mm Hg
Stage 1 hyper tension: it is the systolic pressure ranging from 140-159 mm Hg or diastolic pressre ranging from 90-99 mm Hg.
Stage 2 hypertension: it is the more severe hypertension ,it is a systolic pressure of 160 mm Hg or diastolic pressure of 100 mm Hg or more.
Doctor may recommend routine tests such as urine analysis ,blood test,ECG,cholesterol test , to check signs of heart disease.
Checking blood pressure at home:
Home blood pressure monitors are widely available. The blood pressure can be checked at home.