The goal of treatment is to maintain blood pressure below 140/90 and lower for people with other conditions, such as diabetes and kidney disease. Adopting healthy lifestyle habits is an effective first step in both preventing and controlling high blood pressure.
The major types of medication first chosen to control high blood pressure include:
Diuretics: These medications act on kidneys to help the body eliminate sodium and water, reducing blood volume.
Beta-blockers: These medications block the effects of certain adrenaline-related chemicals, causing your heart to beat more slowly and less forcefully.
Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors: These medications help relax blood vessels by blocking the formation of a naturally occurring chemical that narrows blood vessels.
Calcium antagonists: Calcium antagonists also known as calcium channel blockers. These medications help relax the muscles of blood vessels.