Manic Depression: Symptoms
Manic depression symptoms are diverse. Also called bipolar disorder, manic depression is characterized by episodes or phases of extreme elation and extreme sadness; people diagnosed with this disorder can go back and forth between these phases. Depending on what episode a person with manic depression is experiencing, this will determine what symptoms you could see.
The Manic Phase
During the manic phase of manic depression, which is also called mania, a person will exhibit signs of extreme mood elevation and energy. So it’s not unusual to see this person experiencing insomnia, racing thoughts, and delusions of grandeur. Along with mood elevation, people with manic depression can also become very irritable and reckless in their behavior. That recklessness may be evident in binge eating or drinking, excessive shopping sprees, and high-risk sexual behaviors like promiscuity and engaging in prostitution.
The Depression Phase
The depression phase of manic depression reveals completely opposite symptoms of mania. It’s during this phase that the person will show classic signs of depression: extreme sadness, loss of interest in activities once pleasurable, loss of self-esteem, and suicidal ideation. Other symptoms during the depression phase can include sleep disturbances and poor eating habits, reflected by not eating enough or gaining too much weight.