Muscular Dystrophy : Symptoms

Definition

Muscular dystrophy is a group of disorders that involve muscle weakness and loss of muscle tissue that get worse over time.

Muscular dystrophy is a group of muscle diseases that weaken the musculoskeletal system and hamper locomotion. Muscular dystrophies are characterized by progressive skeletal muscle weakness, defects in muscle proteins, and the death of muscle cells and tissue.

The other major forms of Muscular dystrophy are Becker, limb-girdle, congenital, facioscapulohumeral, myotonic, oculopharyngeal,distal, and Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy. These diseases predominantly affect males, although females may be carriers of the disease gene. Most types of MD are multisystem disorders with manifestations in body systems including the heart, gastrointestinal system, nervous system, endocrine glands, eyes and brain.

Symptoms

Symptoms vary with the different types of muscular dystrophy.
All of the muscles may be affected. Or, only specific groups of muscles may be affected, such as those around the pelvis, shoulder, or face. Muscular dystrophy can affect adults, but the more severe forms tend to occur in early childhood.

Symptoms include:

  • Mental retardation (only present in some types of the condition)
  • Muscle weakness that slowly gets worse
  1. Delayed development of muscle motor skills
  2. Difficulty using one or more muscle groups
  3. Drooling
  4. Eyelid drooping (ptosis)
  5. Frequent falls
  6. Problems walking (delayed walking)

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