Neck pain is a common disease that we often wake up in the morning with or experience at the end of a tiring day at work. It is usually a result of a minor strain or sprain and disappears with over-the-counter painkillers and symptomatic treatment at home. In some cases however, neck pain may be the result of a problem that requires emergency treatment.
Pain from the Vertebral Joints
Spondylosis: Spondylosis is a condition that results from abnormal wear and tear of the spinal column due to osteoarthritis. The discs get worn out, leading to narrowing of the space between the vertebrae. This results in friction during neck movements. Small growths called bone spurs arise at the joints that increase the friction and could press on nerves exiting the spinal cord. Thus, along with headache and neck pain, other symptoms due to pressure on nerves include muscle weakness and abnormal sensations of the arms and shoulders.
Facet arthropathy: The facets are small joints located at the sides of the vertebrae. Pain due to arthropathy of facets appears at the middle or the side of the neck, in the shoulders, upper back, base of the head or in one arm.
Rheumatoid arthritis and Ankylosing Spondylitis: Rheumatoid arthritis results in neck pain, stiffness and limitation of motion. In advanced cases, the upper cervical vertebrae may be displaced over each other leading to nerve-related symptoms. Ankylosing spondylitis may also cause neck pain and displacement of vertebrae.