Nephritis/Glomerulonephritis : Kidney Disease : Prognosis & Prevention
Nephritis is inflammation of the kidney. Glomerulonephritis is the term used to describe a group of diseases that damage the part of the kidney that filters blood.
Prognosis for most cases of glomerulonephritis is generally good. Ninety percent of children recover without complications. With proper medical treatment, symptoms usually subside within a few weeks, or at the most, a few months.
Pyelonephritis in the acute form offers a good prognosis if diagnosed and treated early. Follow-up urinalysis studies will determine if the patient remains bacteria-free. If the infection is not cured or continues to recur, it can lead to serious complications such as bacteremia (bacterial invasion of the bloodstream), hypertension, chronic pyelonephritis and even permanent kidney damage.
If hereditary nephritis is not detected or treated, it can lead to complications such as eye problems, deafness or kidney failure.
Streptococcal infections that may lead to glomerulonephritis can be prevented by avoiding exposure to strep infection and obtaining prompt medical treatment for scarlet fever or other infection.
Pyelonephritis can best be avoided if those with a history of urinary tract infections take care to drink plenty of fluids, urinate frequently, and practice good hygiene following urination.
Hereditary nephritis can not be prevented, but research to combat the disease continues.