Nose Bleed : Treatment
A nosebleed is loss of blood from the tissue lining the nose. Bleeding most commonly occurs in one nostril only.
The nose is a part of the body that is very rich in blood vessels (vascular) and is situated in a vulnerable position on the face. Any trauma to the face can cause bleeding from the nose. This is common in dry climates, or during the winter months when the air is dry and warm from household heaters.
Sit down and gently squeeze the soft portion of the nose between your thumb and finger (so that the nostrils are closed) for a full 10 minutes. Lean forward to avoid swallowing the blood and breathe through your mouth. Wait at least 10 minutes before checking if the bleeding has stopped. Many nosebleeds can be controlled in this way if enough time is allowed for the bleeding to stop.
It may help to apply cold compresses or ice across the bridge of the nose. Do NOT pack the inside of the nose with gauze.
Lying down with a nosebleed is not recommended. You should avoid sniffing or blowing your nose for several hours after a nosebleed. If bleeding persists, a nasal spray decongestant (Afrin, NeoSynephrine) can sometimes be used to close off small vessels and control bleeding.
If the nosebleed persists, you should consult your doctor.
A cooler house and a vaporizer, to return humidity to the air, help many people with frequent nosebleeds. Nasal saline spray and water soluble jelly (such as Ayr gel) can help prevent nosebleeds, especially during the winter months.