Oral cancer is cancer of the mouth.Oral cancer is a subtype of head and neck cancer, is any cancerous tissue growth located in the oral cavity.
Tests & Diagnostics
An examination of the mouth by the health care provider or dentist shows a visible or palpable (can be felt) lesion of the lip, tongue, or other mouth area. As the tumor enlarges, it may become an ulcer and bleed. Speech difficulties, chewing problems, or swallowing difficulties may develop, particularly if the cancer is on the tongue.
A tongue biopsy, gum biopsy, and microscopic examination of the lesion confirm the diagnosis of oral cancer.
Surgical removal of the tumor is usually recommended if the tumor is small enough. Radiation therapy and chemotherapy would likely be used when the tumor is larger or has spread to lymph nodes in the neck. Surgery may be necessary for large tumors.
Rehabilitation may include speech therapy or other therapy to improve movement, chewing, swallowing, and speech.