Piles / Hemorrhoids : Symptoms

Definition

Hemorrhoids are painful, swollen veins in the lower portion of the rectum or anus. Hemorrhoids are vascular structures in the anal canal which help with stool control. They become pathological or piles when swollen or inflamed. In their physiological state, they act as a cushion composed of arterio-venous channels and connective tissue that aid the passage of stool.

Symptoms

The most common symptom of internal hemorrhoids is bright red blood covering the stool, a condition known as hematochezia. They may protrude or prolapse through the anus. Symptoms of external hemorrhoids include painful swelling and a lump around the anus.

Symptoms of hemorrhoids include:
Anal itching
Anal ache or pain, especially while sitting
Bright red blood on stool, or in the toilet bowl
Pain during bowel movements
One or more hard tender lumps near the anus

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