Poisoning : First Aid

Poisons are substances that cause injury, illness or death. These events are caused by a chemical activity in the cells. Poisons can be injected, inhaled or swallowed. Poisoning should be suspected if a person is sick for unknown reason. Poor ventilation can aggravate Inhalation poisoning.
First aid is critical in saving the life of victims


First Aid

At the first sight of Symptoms of poisoning, seek immediate medical help. Meanwhile the following First Aid measures can be undertaken

  1. Try and identify the poison if possible
  2. Check for signs like burns around mouth, breathing difficulty or vomiting
  3. Induce vomiting if poison swallowed
  4. In case of convulsions, protect the person from self injury
  5. If the vomit falls on the skin, wash it thoroughly
  6. Position the victim on the left till medical help arrives

For inhalation poisoning

  • Seek immediate emergency help
  • Get help before you attempt to rescue others
  • Hold a wet cloth to cover your nose and mouth
  • Open all the doors and windows
  • Take deep breaths before you begin the rescue
  • Avoid lighting a match
  • Check the patient’s breathing
  • Do a CPR, if necessary ( Cardio-Pulmonary resuscitation)
  • If the patient vomits, take steps to prevent choking

Steps to Avoid

  1. Avoid giving an unconscious victim anything orally
  2. Do not induce vomiting unless told by a medical personnel
  3. Do not give any medication to the victim unless directed by a doctor
  4. Do not neutralize the poison with lime juice/honey


  • Store medicines, cleaning detergents, mosquito repellants and paints carefully
  • Keep all potentially poisonous substances out of children’s reach
  • Label the poisons in your house
  • Avoid keeping poisonous plants in or around house
  • Take care while eating products such as berries, roots or mushrooms
  • Teach children the need to exercise caution

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