Q Fever (Query Fever) : Symptoms

Definition
Q Fever takes its origin from word “query” and is caused by bacteria Coxiella burnetii that infects some animals and is passed on to humans due to inhalation of infected air particles.

Q Fever is a worldwide zoonotic disease caused by, a bacterium called Coxiella burnetii. A zoonotic disease is an animal disease that can be transmitted to humans. Cattle, sheep, and goats are the primary reservoirs of C. burnetii. Pets (cats and dog) are common sources of infection. Milk, birth products, urine, and faeces of infected animals contain the disease causing organisms that are resistant to heat, drying, and many common disinfectants. This resistance allow bacteria to survive for long periods in the environment. Humans are usually infected by inhalation of aerosols or infected air particles. Coxiella can be spread far through the air. Exposure to milk products is a less frequent source of infection.

Symptoms
The following symptoms are associated with Q Fever :

  • High fevers (up to 104-105° F)
  • Severe headache,
  • General malaise
  • Myalgia (Pain in a muscle or group of muscles)
  • Confusion
  • Sore throat
  • Chills
  • Sweats
  • Non-productive cough
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhoea
  • Abdominal pain
  • Chest pain
  • Weight loss

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