Rashes In Infancy : Skin Disease – Treatment
A rash is a skin eruption that results in change in color or texture of the skin. A rash could be due to a local cause like a fungal infection of the skin or due to a problem affecting the whole body like chicken pox. In some cases, a rash may be a sign of a serious infection. Rash may be accompanied by fever in some cases.
Rashes in infancy
Rashes are extremely common in infancy, and are usually not serious at all and can be treated at home.
(1) Diaper rash is caused by prolonged skin contact with bacteria and the baby’s waste products in a damp diaper. This rash has red, spotty sores and there may be an ammonia smell. In most cases the rash will respond within three days to drying efforts. A diaper rash that does not improve in this time may be a yeast infection requiring prescription medication. A doctor should be consulted if the rash is solid, bright red, causes fever, or the skin develops blisters, boils, or pus.
(2 Infants also can get a rash on cheeks and chin caused by contact with food and stomach contents. This rash will come and go, but usually responds to a good cleaning after meals. About a third of all infants develop “acne” usually after the third week of life in response to their mothers’ hormones before birth. This rash will disappear between weeks and a few months.
(3) Heat rash is a mass of tiny pink bumps on the back of the neck and upper back caused by blocked sweat glands. The rash usually appears during hot, humid weather, although a baby with a fever can also develop the rash.
A physician can make a diagnosis based on the medical history and the appearance of the rash, where it appears, and any other accompanying symptoms
A baby should see a doctor immediately if the rash:
- appears suddenly and looks purple or blood-colored
- looks like a burn
- appears while the infant seems to be sick