Reflux Esophagitis : Stomach Disease – Symptoms

Esophagitis is a condition because of an inflammation of the lining of the lower end of the oesophagus. Esophagus or gullet is a hollow muscular tube about 2 cms in diameter that acts as the ‘swallowing pipe’ leading to the stomach. Muscles of the esophagus contract in a coordinated fashion in one direction to push the food down through a valve like muscle called the lower esophageal sphincter.

Reflux esophagitis is usually caused when the digestive juices containing acids from the stomach, repeatedly move upwards into the lower esophagus (reflux). Normally this is prevented by the one way check valve mentioned earlier called the lower esophageal sphincter.

This condition is also called — Reflux, Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD), Heartburn and Acid regurgitation.

The esophagus does not have the same protective lining as the stomach.

This causes, burning sensations.

Burning sensation is felt in the upper abdomen and lower chest, sometimes moving up into the throat. It tends to be worse at night when lying, and may also be aggravated by bending, lifting or straining. This sensation or discomfort is often referred to as “heartburn”.

Other symptoms include:

  • Regurgitation (food comes up into the mouth)
  • Chest pain
  • Difficulty in swallowing (called dysphagia)
  • Hoarseness
  • Asthma
  • Cough
  • Excess belching is common
  • Difficulties breathing

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