Rickets – Paediatric Osteomalacia : Bone Disease : Symptoms

Definition

Rickets is a softening of bones in children due to deficiency or impaired metabolism of vitamin D, magnesium, phosphate or calcium, potentially leading to fractures and deformity. Rickets is among the most frequent childhood diseases in many developing countries.

Symptoms

  1. Bone pain or tenderness
    (A)Arms
    (B)Legs
    (C)Pelvis
    (D)Spine
  2. Dental deformities
    (A)Delayed formation of teeth
    (B)Decreased muscle tone (loss of muscle strength)
    (C)Defects in the structure of teeth; holes in the enamel
    (D)Increased cavities in the teeth (dental caries)
    (E)Progressive weakness
  3. Impaired growth
  4. Increased bone fractures
  5. Muscle cramps
  6. Short stature (adults less than 5 feet tall)
  7. Skeletal deformities
    (A)Asymmetrical or odd-shaped skull
    (B)Bowlegs
    (C)Bumps in the ribcage (rachitic rosary)
    (D)Breastbone pushed forward (pigeon chest)
    (E)Pelvic deformities
    (F)Spine deformities (spine curves abnormally, including scoliosis or kyphosis)

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