Scarless Operations Via Spider Technology

Surgeons in Delhi will for the first time in Asia Pacific use what is called a spider technology — a single flexible laparoscopy instrument that will do away with the need for five incisions or scars for any abdominal intervention.

Instead, the rod like machine will enter through the belly button and open up like an umbrella within the abdomen, providing the surgeon with several instruments with 360-degree range of motion along with small cameras.

Once the procedure is completed, the system closes up and is removed through the same incision. This operation is used to treat common abdominal conditions like appendix, gall bladder stones and the weight loss bariatric surgery.

Dr Pradeep Chowbey, who heads the Max Institute of Minimal Access, Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery said the greatest benefit is that there will be no visible scar because the ‘spider’ enters the abdomen through a small puncture at the navel.

In conventional laparoscopic surgery, surgeons place multiple incisions (five scars) in various parts of the abdomen in order to utilize several specialized instruments to achieve the necessary angles and access critical anatomical areas.

“This new technology is also hygienic as the instrument is disposable and for every new patient, a new instrument is used. This technology has not been used in Asia Pacific before,” Dr Chowbey said.

“This is a quantum jump from the rigid laproscope. The spider is a flexible operating platform which has multiple arms, each acting as a separate instrument. Earlier, for any abdominal surgery, we had to make 3-4 extra punctures for different instruments to go in, leaving multiple scars 5-10 mm in diameter. With the spider, the laproscopic surgery will be scar-less. The instrument will go in and open up like an umbrella. The different limbs have different function – one could be a holder, another a dissector and the other a clip applier,” he added.

“Lesser scars will mean less pain. Patients who receive a spider surgical procedure may experience less scarring with the potential for limited postoperative pain and a fast recovery to normal activities. We will put a waterproof dressing on the belly button after the instrument is taken out. There will be no stitches,” Dr Chowbey said.

According to the doctor, getting operated with a spider technology will cost around Rs 30,000 more than a normal laproscopic surgery.

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